The Qur’an, Muhammad and Modern Science: Scientific Miracles or Blunders?

Anyone who has had even a mild exposure to Islamic apologetics will have encountered the argument for the Qur’an’s divine origin based on its purported scientific miracles — that is, scientific assertions contained within the Qur’an which have only been validated by modern science. Out of all of the arguments for the Islamic religion, this is the one which, in my judgment, comes closest to being a real argument. Indeed, this is probably the best they’ve got, and it is frequently a lead argument by Muslim polemicists. Nonetheless, the argument has always appeared very strange to me. If the Qur’an is unrivaled at anything, assuredly it is only in its ability to conceive of a Universe so wildly disconnected from reality.

One problem with the positive Islamic argument is that it can only be falsified if one allows both correct and incorrect scientific statements to potentially validate or refute the Qur’an’s divine origin. If correct scientific statements provide evidence for the Qur’an’s divine origin, then surely incorrect scientific statements provide support for the opposite conclusion. For the argument to work, therefore, one must demonstrate not only that the Qur’an contains specific scientific information that could not have been known by a seventh century Arab, but also that the Qur’an does not contain demonstrable scientific errors that we might expect from a seventh century Arab. Unfortunately, it is usually the case that only the passages that are believed by Muslims to comport with modern science are presented in Muslim polemical literature.

What sort of arguments are deployed by Muslim apologists to demonstrate Muhammad’s unique scientific insight? Take a look at the following figure, excerpted from A Brief Illustrated Guide to Understanding Islam by I.A. Ibrahim.

The book draws on Surah Al-Mumenoon 12-14, in which we read,

We created man from an extract of clay. Then We made him as a drop in a place of settlement, firmly fixed. Then We made the drop into an alaqah, then We made the alaqah into a mudghah (chewed substance)…

The word alaqah can be mean three things: leech, suspended thing, or blood clot. The book attempts to argue that an embryo at one stage resembles a leech. Such a claim is quite debatable, however, and the illustration above is clearly tailored to comport with the argument. The book even makes the argument that “suspended thing” can refer to the suspension of the embryo in the womb of the mother. This is a real stretch, however. Finally, we have this figure, which attempts to show similarity between a pharyngula stage embryo (which it calls the mudghah stage) and a piece of chewed gum.

This argument is so absurd that to state the argument is to refute it. Other such claims of miraculous scientific insight in the Qur’an do not fare much better. Another argument is that various ayat teach that mountains have roots (16:15, 21:31, 31:10, 78:7, 79:32-33), something which apparently Muhammad could not have known. These ayat do not, however, teach that mountains have roots. They assert that the mountains were placed on the earth to keep it fixed and standing firm. Again, such an argument is a real stretch. In any case, the roots of mountains were known about even in ancient times (e.g. see Job 28:9, Psalm 18:7, Jonah 2:6). I think it more likely that the author of the Qur’an viewed mountains as a sort of paperweight to keep the earth still. That would seem to be the best reading of Surah Qaf 7: “As for the earth, We have spread it out, and cast on it firm hills…” In support of this, there is also some indication that the author of the Qur’an viewed the earth as flat (e.g. 20:53; 22:65; 43:10; 71:15-20; 88:20).

In this article, we will examine a few of the problematic passages. We shall also look at some of the statements of Muhammad as reported by the ahadith literature. Some of these hadithic statements shed light or clarify the meaning of these Qur’anic verses. One may argue in response that these ahadith are inauthentic and do not truly reflect words spoken by Muhammad. Nonetheless, irrespective of whether these ahadith go back to Muhammad or not, they do tell us something about how the early Muslims understood the corresponding statements in the Qur’an, and are thus relevant to how we ought to interpret them. This list is far from exhaustive, but draws on a few illustrative examples.

Muhammad’s Universe

Stars as Missiles?

According to the Qur’an, stars are missiles that Allah uses to chase away demons. According to Surah Al-Mulk 5,

And We have decorated the nearest sky with lamps, and have made them devices to stone the devils, and We have prepared for them the punishment of Hell.

We further read in Surah Al-Jinn 8-9,

And we have sought (to reach) the heaven, but we found it filled with stern guards and flames. And that we used to sit at places therein to listen; but if one will (try to) listen now, he will find a flame in ambush for him.

Note that this is from the perspective of the Jinn, which are spiritual beings spoken of frequently in the Qur’an. The Jinn desired to eavesdrop the heaven, but were chased away by shooting stars. This same idea is taught also in Surah As-Saaffat 6-10, in which we read,

Verily, We have decorated the nearest sky with an adornment, the stars, and (have made them) a security against every rebellious devil. They cannot listen to the Upper Realm and are hit from every side to be driven off, and for them there is a lasting punishment; However, if one snatches a little bit, he is pursued by a bright flame.

How did the early Muslims understand these verses? In volume 4 and chapter 3 of Sahih al-Bukhari, we read the following:

(About the) Stars, Abu Qatada mentioning Allah’s Statement: ‘And We have Adorned the nearest heaven with lamps,” (67:5) And said, “The creations of these stars is for three purposes, i.e. as decorations on the sky, as missiles to hit the devils, and as signs to guide travelers. So, if anybody tries to find a different interpretation, he is mistaken and just wastes his efforts, and troubles himself with what is beyond his limited knowledge.

The same concept is also found in Sahih Muslim (vol.1 book 4 no.902; vol.4 book 24 no.5538) and Sunan ibn Majah (vol.1 book 1 no.194).

The Trajectory of the Sun and Moon

Dhul-Qarnain, traditionally identified by Qur’anic commentators as Alexander the Great, is spoken of in Surah Al-Kahf. In verses 83-86, we read,

They ask you about Dhul-Qarnain. Say, “I shall now recite to you an account of him. Surely, We gave him power on earth and gave him means to (have) everything (he needs). So he followed a course, until when he reached the point of sunset, he found it setting into a miry spring, and found a people near it. We said, “O Dhul-Qarnain, either punish them or adopt good behavior with them.”

Thus, according to the Qur’an, Alexander the Great traveled so far that he reached the place where the sun sets (a pool of water) and even found a people that lives nearby it! He was even able to reach the place of sunrise, according to verses 89 and 90 of the same chapter:

Thereafter he followed a course, until when he reached the point of sunrise, he found it rising over a people for whom We did not make any shelter against it.

Surah Ya-Seen 38-40 is even more clear:

And the sun is quickly proceeding towards its destination. That is the designing of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing. And for the moon We have appointed measured phases, until it turned (pale, curved and fine) like an old branch of date palm. Neither it is for the sun to overtake the moon, nor can the night outpace the day. Each one is floating in an orbit.

Am I misinterpreting? Surely Muhammad — the Messenger of the Almighty Allah — knew that the sun doesn’t actually move in relation to the earth, right? We need only go to the ahadith sources to find out. According to Sahih Bukhari vol.4 book 54 ch.4 no.421,

Narrated Abu Dhar: The Prophet asked me at sunset, “Do you know where the sun goes (at the time of sunset)? I replied, “Allah and His Apostle know better.” He said, “It goes (i.e. travels) till it prostrates itself underneath the Throne and takes the permission to rise again, and it is permitted and then (a time will come when) it will be about to prostrate itself but its prostration will not be accepted, and it will ask permission to go on its course but it will not be permitted, but it will be ordered to return when it has come and so it will rise in the west. And that is the interpretation of the Statement of Allah: “And the sun Runs its fixed course for a term (decreed). That is the Decree of (Allah) The Exalted in Might, The All-Knowing.” (36.38)

In Sunan Abu Dawud (3991), we also read,

Abu Dharr said: I was sitting behind the Apostle of Allah who was riding a donkey while the sun was setting. He asked: Do you know where this sets? I replied: Allah and his Apostle know best. He said: It sets in a spring of warm water.

As any astronomer will tell you, this is a point on which Muhammad was dead wrong. Such an error may have been excusable for a seventh century Arab, but it certainly doesn’t bode well for the Qur’an being the revealed word of God.

Muhammad Wrong About Human Reproduction

The Qur’an On Semen Production

Surah At-Tariq 5-7 attempts to comment on the production of semen:

So, let man consider of which stuff he is created. He is created of spouting water that comes out from between the loins and the chest bones.

Again, the Qur’an has blown yet another opportunity to demonstrate to us its divinely inspired nature. Semen is produced in the seminal vesicle, located in the pelvis — not between the loins and chest bones.

Muhammad On Parental Resemblance

According to Sahih Bukhari chapter 58 (no. 275), Muhammad is asked three questions by Abdullah ibn Salam, upon hearing the news of the Prophet’s arrival. He says “I am going to ask you about three things which only a Prophet can answer.” One of those questions is “Why does a child attract the similarity to his father or to his mother?” Interestingly, Muhammad claims to receive an answer to this question from the very same source that he is purportedly receiving the Qur’an from. This means that this is an ideal opportunity to test whether this source of Qur’anic revelations is reliable. He states that “Gabrial has just now informed me of that.” In response to the question, Muhammad states that,

As for the child, if the man’s discharge proceeds the woman’s discharge, the child attracts the similarity to the man, and if the woman’s discharge proceeds the man’s, then the child attracts the similarity of the woman.

Strangely, the response of Abdullah ibn Salam is to say, “I testify that None has the right to be worshiped except Allah, and that you are the Apostle of Allah.” How on earth could ibn Salam have known whether the answer given by Muhammad was correct or not? It is only with the benefit of modern science that we can confirm how wrong Muhammad was on this point. Of particular significance, he claimed that such knowledge was revealed to him by the angel Gabriel, the very same source from which the Qur’an is purportedly derived. Why, then, should we trust that?

Muhammad On Sex-Determination

Muhammad, it turns out, was also wrong concerning sex-determination which, according to Sahih Muslim 6397, takes place only after the final shape of the embryo has been formed. We read,

Anas ibn Malik reported directly from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) that he said: Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, has appointed an angel as the caretaker of the womb, and he would say: My Lord, it is now a drop of semen; my Lord, it is now a clot of blood; my Lord, it has now become a lump of flesh, and when Allah decides to give it a final shape, the angel says: My Lord, would it be male or female or would be be an evil or a good person? What about his livelihood and his age? And it is all written as he is in the womb of his mother.

Muhammad Wrong About Personal Hygiene

Muhammad also makes blunders concerning personal hygiene. Consider, for instance the following passages from the ahadith:

  • Sahih Al-Bukhari 537: “Narrated Abu Huraira: The prophet said “If a house fly falls in the drink of anyone of you, he should dip it (in the drink), for one of its wings has a disease and the other has the cure for the disease.””
  • Sunan Abu Dawud 67: “I heard that the people asked the Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him): Water is brought for you from the well of Buda’ah. It is a well in which dead dogs, menstrual cloths and excrement of people are thrown. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) replied: Verily water is pure and is not defiled by anything.”
  • Sunan Ibn Majah 520: “It was narrated that Jabir bin Abdullah said: “We came to a pond in which there was the carcass of a donkey, so we refrained from using the water until the Messenger of Allah came to us and said: ‘Water is not made impure by anything.’ Then we drank from it and gave it to our animals to drink, and we carried some with us.””

I, for one, certainly would not want to follow Muhammad’s hygiene advice.


As I have shown, the Qur’an, far from being a scientific miracle, contains numerous scientific mistakes and errors. It gives every appearance of being the product of the imaginations of a seventh century Arab, not the inspired word of God. To his contemporaries, who didn’t know any better, Muhammad’s pretensions to have prophetic insight concerning science may have given him credibility in the eyes of some. To us, who live in the 21st century, however, the numerous scientific blunders in the Qur’an essentially refute its claims to divine origin.

Any Muslim apologetic that attempts to wield the argument from the “scientific miracles” of the Qur’an must, if it is not to be a task of cherry-picking, take into account the aforementioned blunders. When taken together with the argument presented in my previous article, as well as the Qur’an’s misrepresentation of Christian theology (which I discuss here), it seems that the case is decisive and inescapable. There are many more difficulties, however, which I have yet to discuss. In future articles, we shall consider still further reasons why the Qur’an cannot possibly be the word of God as claimed by Muslims.

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34 replies
  1. moose says:

    jonathan-what makes the (un) holy bible the word of god? the talking snake? the talking donkey? the demon posessed pigs? the sun standing still for a day? and all the other amazing claims of the “holy” bible.

    if the muslim holy book is a phoney and the “holy” bible is the “word of god”, are all muslims going to hell?–where the worm never dies and the fire is never quenched. if one faith is right and all the rest are wrong, wouldn’t a perfect, omni-everything god (with his/her/its infinite wisdom and power) be able to figure out a way to convey to the world the one true faith-and thus save millions/billions from hell-where the worm never dies and the fire is never quenched

    • jan says:

      Correct moose. Anyone who believes women are second class possessions, Jews are subhuman and you must kill anyone who doesn’t believe what you do is destined for hell. Secondly, you claim you cannot see the forest because of all the trees in the way! God has done exactly what you said and sent Jesus to die on the cross so that ANYONE who believes will be saved and the facts were all written down so it can be handed down through the generations. It cannot get easier than that.

    • Yvonne says:

      Romans chapter one of the true Word of God states that man is without excuse..’For since we the creation ofnthe world His invisible attributes are clearly seen ,being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead , so that they are without excuse! We all can know Him. And He gave a hand book of instructions..a love story..for we.. His greatest creations to know Him and know how we ought to be living.
      Father Son n Holy spirit..Jesus the Living Word..John 1:1..which became flesh…vs 14.
      Everything that was made was made by Him and through Him and without Him nothing was made that was made. Vs 3.
      ‘And without controversy, great is the mystery of Godliness: God was manifested in the flesh….’
      There is only one truth and that is Jesus Christ..God the great I Am!

    • george says:

      After Noah.s Flood ,all the people in this world has knowledge of Holy God , they knew God first hand , when Abraham was about 56 years old Noah died , so the people has eye witnesses among them, there was Noah, his wife ,his children , his children’s wife , his grand children who all knew what happened with people that sinned against God and how they perished in the Flood but the people after the Flood did sin against God again, so by the time Abraham was 56 years old the earth was filled again with Satan worshipers , the people refuse to worship the Holy Creator but the creatures , they made for them self idols and called those idols gods. Why do you accuse Holy God if He will punish the wicked and do not accuse your self who sin against the
      Holy God. You and every body who do not repent of their sins and refuse to receive God’s Son as a Savior deserve the punishment of everlasting hell.

    • tom says:

      The point is that Muslims are using the supposed scientific facts of the Qur’an to prove it’s authenticity. If a single scientific fact within the Quran is wrong this suggests that it is not the word of God, God is all knowing he does not make mistakes. There are many scientific mistakes within the Quran either God isn’t all knowing or the Qur’an is wrong, ie not the word of God!

      • A has says:

        The whole premise of the bible, Koran, Torah, etc. Is absurd. An all knowing and all powerful God needs to write down rules? Just think about it.

      • adam says:

        like what please name a few and our sources with the verses go on ahead and ill answer each one of them as best as I can.

  2. Stephen B says:

    “As I have shown, the Qur’an, far from being a scientific miracle, contains numerous scientific mistakes and errors. It gives every appearance of being the product of the imaginations of a seventh century Arab, not the inspired word of God”

    The bible is vulnerable to exactly the same charge, except obviously it appears to come from imaginations earlier than 7th century. Pointing out the ‘errors’ to a biblical literalist gets you the same responses as the above article gets from a Muslim – a mixture of ‘you’re misreading the text’, ‘that’s not an error’, and other explanations.

  3. Robert says:

    Like Jesus, Moses, Buddha, Zoroaster, Krishna, Muhammad never even existed. Islam evolved from ancient Arabic moon worshiping cults, Judaism and Christianity evolved from ancient sun worshiping cults. These people have hated each other for so long they have forgotten why,. Look into the sun and squint. That is where the sign of the cross really comes from. Look on the top of any Mosque and tell me they aren’t moon worshipers. This is the truth, these are the real facts. Anyone who believes a religion’s own history of itself really ought to have their head examined.

    • Louie says:

      At least when Stephen B. speaks up on these blogs, he makes me think and question things. (and thank you for that Stephen) But Robert, when you speak up, you make me believe that one of your listed religions must be true. Since it seems impossible to me that something make believe could make someone so angry.

  4. Hatem says:

    I am a Muslim and I read your article, and i agree with one fact, that the Quran must not contain even one scientific mistake if it is from God. I’m trying to find one true mistake in the Quran from your article, but I cannot grasp even one, most of it is just opinion but not facts, you need evidence to support your claims not opinions, this is fundamental in science. For example, you said mountains were not described as having roots, yet when translated, it says ‘pegs’ (putting into consideration that the native language of the Quran is Arabic, so parts of the meanings are lost in translation): “And the mountains as pegs” (78:7; Yusuf Ali’s translation). Isn’t our understanding of a peg that it buries itself, like the pegs we use in boardgames? This is your most common mistake throughout the article, just like you stating that the embryo being suspended is a stretch in concept, its just your opinion and not a fact.

    And u based some (alleged) annulments on very fatal logic; your assumption that if you can’t find a reasonable way for something to happen automatically means that it is a refuted fact (concerning your statement that how can the early Muslims understand the verses about the Jinn), for its the same as the assumption: whatever i can’t see means that it couldn’t have happened! If u had asked how did that happen so that you can be enlightened (which has an explanation by the way), but you ask how as a basis to annul the fact, insinuating that there is no way that that could have happened!

    Furthermore, your whole article came crashing down logically when you said “It gives every appearance of being the product of the imaginations of a seventh century Arab”, for if that was true, he could never have given us one correct (impossible to be known at that time) scientific fact (like the matters concerning the embryo, which he did, let alone multiple scientific facts like the fact that the forebrain is the most responsible part of the brain for creating lies, and that the sky and earth were conjoined together and then split apart, which is the current scientific theory concerning the origin of the universe, a highly dense mass that exploded, aka The Big Bang Theory). So if he gives just us one correct scientific fact (which u admitted he did in the beginning), then it also annuls the possibility of Him inventing the Quran because there is no way he could have known it (which u are implying). Your very own first rule you placed negated your own conclusion! You wrote just one article and yet it contradicted itself, so when u read the whole Quran and find not even one contradiction what does that tell you?

    Another subject is the matter of the fly, u need research that disproves that the wings of a fly don’t contain an antidote of any sort to prove him wrong, not just basing it upon commonly practiced hygiene measures, because for example, just exposing a drink to the air allows thousands of microorganisms to fall on it, should i throw the drink then? I could go on and on, but replying lengthily is not practical via a comment box.

    Finally, please accept my comments and advice to people, to Moose i tell him, Islam is a successive religion to Judaism and Christianity, i.e. the one and only God sent down these religions to make humans fulfill all His laws gradually (the reasons for which are beyond the scope of this comment), so when Jesus (pbuh) came, all Jews had to become Christians, and when Muhammad (pbuh) came, all Christians were supposed to become Muslims just as all Jews were supposed to become Christians. As for the other religions as Buddhism and so on, they were not from God, proven by the fact that their pioneers encouraged people to worship them, not God! On a side note, Jesus never once said that he is a God, nor asked people frankly to worship him, nor that he is the son of God, and u can search the Bible, its just the horrid misconception of the current Christian scholars while interpreting the verses, all he keeps saying is: Worship Him (i.e.God).

    To Robert i ask, if u ride a car that has the emblem of its manufacturer, does it mean that you worship that company/sign? And its not a matter of believing a religions History, read about the religion from dependable sources and reason with what it has to say, but do not put off reading its holy book and then dismiss it as gibberish on account of what people say about it verbally, for example u implicate that Islam encourages moon worshiping, but where is it written in the Quran? Yet many people may read your comment and believe you, although u based your assumption (which you state as a fact) on your own opinion without evidence to back it up.

    To the author of this article i say, be honest with yourself, you realize the many scientific facts in the Quran and yet you are still searching for a flaw, so please revise your intentions, and forgive me for being so straightforward, for our lives and destinies are no small matter that can withstand complimenting each other. And as i can deduce from your article, seems to me you have read the Quran a bit, but i ask you, have you come across the verse: “Say: Consider what is it that is in the heavens and the earth; and signs and warners do not avail a people who would not believe.” (10:101; Shakir’s translation), meaning: what good will it do if every sign came to them when they do not want to believe in the first place. I ask you this because I’m afraid that you may have fallen into that pit.

    And to the general readers, i tell them that finding the truthful religion is a crucial and personal matter, don’t follow the flock, because you will meet many ignorant and stubborn and lying persons. Its a bit of a burden to find out, but that is the main purpose from our lives, to seek the truth and follow it, not to eat and sleep and breed and have fun, for those are secondary matters and not goals for a man in life.

    • Layna says:

      I’m sorry, but The Bible does say that Jesus is God/ The Son of God just not in the way people who use this argument want it to be said. That’s why the Jews crucified Him, because according to them, he committed blasphemy. Jesus didn’t have to say ” I am God ” in order to claim to be Divine. I urge you, to first look at and study The Bible for what it says, not what you want it to say. Satan wants people to think that they ” know God” just as long as they don’t know Jesus! Every religion claims to be right by human effort, follow these rules, let your good outlay your bad and then maybe you’ll get into Heaven. The One true God says ” I am the way the truth and the life, no man comes to the Father except through me ” John 14:6 That is grace! Jesus got what we deserved, dying on the Cross, separated from His Father because of taking on the sin of the world, but triumphantly defeating sin and death and being the perfect sacrifice that satisfied the wrath of God so that those who believe in Him will be saved! Not only that, to be able to have a relationship with God! That’s who He is!!!! A savior who came to serve not to be served, and He will return and establish Himself on the throne of David. Repent and believe! He is coming like a thief in the night, search for the truth! Examine your arguments and where you are claiming them from!

      • DWD says:

        You can’t be god and the son of god at the same time, if the son dies on the cross that means god was somewhere else, so if the son dies and god is somewhere else that means they’re two different persons, as the son is limited and god is unlimited.

    • jan says:

      You are correct to say not to follow any deceiving religion, especially one that demands lies if it will bring converts. The word used is taquiya I believe. The ‘science’ about dipping the fly is a big mistake, I thought that would be enough evidence for any person honestly looking for answers and not grasping at straws to justify a false religion.

    • Anthony says:

      Hatem, I’m sorry but did you not read the part about the Sun setting in a spring of warm water? That’s one proven mistake. Be honest with yourself. You seem to be the sheep. Just because Muhammad was right about some things does not make him a prophet. I guessed the winner of the Kentucky Derby. Maybe you should blindly follow me in to battle to rape and pillage. He has been wrong on so many levels. Open your eyes.

        • Zen says:

          That is taqqiya. It was Mohammad that explained that the sun sets in a spring of water, not Dhul Qarnayn. Having eyes to see, you are blind. Having ears to hear, you are deaf.

    • Zen says:

      Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created….

      Genesis 1:16 Then God made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the darkness. He made the stars also.

      The last five words, “He made the stars also”, make it clear that the author was not talking about the sun and the moon being the greater and lesser lights, but rather, of spiritual things. The “greater light to rule the day” is Jesus Christ. Jesus praying in the garden of Gethsemane said…

      “John 17:5 And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.”

      John 1:3 All things were made through Him (Jesus), and without Him (Jesus) nothing was made that was made.

      The “lesser light” to rule the darkness is Lucifer, who is a.k.a The Prince of Darkness.

      Isaiah 14:12 [ The Fall of Lucifer ] “How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, You who weakened the nations!”

      Ephesians 6:12 For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the RULERS OF THE DARKNESS of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness
      in the heavenly places.

      Christianity worships the Son, the greater light to rule the day. And Islam worships the moon, the lesser light to rule the darkness, only it is not the physical moon but is the spiritual Prince of Darkness.

    • Zen says:

      There is nothing about the Quran that is hard to grasp because there is nothing spiritual in it. It is very simply the corrupt mind of men trying to be spiritual as Judaism and Christianity are spiritual. Every Christian balks at the words in the Quran because we know the words of the One True God and His Son, Jesus Christ. The differences are startling.

    • Layla says:

      Yes that is true. Those who have pure hearts and want to believe it, will see that it is a light, and will not forcefully look for mistakes.

  5. Jaravsiv says:

    Never ending dry arguments-that will never lead us anywhere -examine your selves and all answers are contained within you-its an experiential system as opposed to belief system-

  6. Bazai says:

    In Islam, there is no conflict between faith in God and modern scientific knowledge. Indeed, for many centuries during the Middle Ages, Muslims led the world in scientific inquiry and exploration. The Quran itself, revealed 14 centuries ago, contains many scientific facts and imagery that are supported by modern findings.

    The Quran instructs Muslims to “contemplate the wonders of creation” (Quran 3:191).

    The entire universe, which was created by Allah, follows and obeys His laws. Muslims are encouraged to seek knowledge, explore the universe, and find the “Signs of Allah” in His creation. Allah says:

    “Behold! In the creation of the heavens and the earth; in the alternation of the night and the day; in the sailing of ships through the ocean, for the profit of mankind; in the rain which Allah sends down from the skies, and the life which He gives therewith to an earth that is dead; in the beasts of all kinds that He scatters through the earth; in the change of the winds, and the clouds which they trail like their slaves between the sky and the earth; here indeed are Signs for a people that are wise” (Quran 2:164)
    For a book revealed in the 7th century C.E., the Quran contains many scientifically-accurate statements. Among them:

    “Do not the unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together, then We split them apart? And We made from water every living thing…” (21:30).

    “And Allah has created every animal from water. Of them there are some that creep on their bellies, some that walk on two legs, and some that walk on four…” (24:45)

    “See they not how Allah originates creation, then repeats it? Truly that is easy for Allah” (29:19).

    “It is He Who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. All (the celestial bodies) swim along, each in its rounded course” (21:33).

    “It is not permitted for the sun to catch up to the moon, nor can the night outstrip the day. Each just swims along in its own orbit” (36:40).

    “He created the heavens and the earth in true proportions. He makes the night overlap the day, and the day overlap the night. He has subjected the sun and the moon to His law; each one follows a course for a time appointed…” (39:5).

    “The sun and the moon follow courses exactly computed” (55:5).
    “You see the mountains and think they are firmly fixed. But they pass away just as the clouds pass away. Such is the artistry of Allah, Who disposes of all things in perfect order” (27:88).
    “Man We did create from a quintessence of clay. Then we placed him as a drop of sperm in a place of rest, firmly fixed. Then We made the sperm into a clot of congealed blood. Then out of that clot We made a fetus lump. Then We made out of that lump bones, and clothed the bones with flesh. Then We developed out of it another creature. So blessed be Allah, the Best to create!” (23:12-14).

    “But He fashioned him in due proportion, and breathed into him of His spirit. And He gave you hearing, and sight, and understanding” (32:9).

    “That He did create the pairs, male and female, from a sperm-drop when lodged in its place” (53:45-46).

    “Was he not a drop of sperm emitted, then did he become a leach-like clot. Then did Allah make and fashion him in due proportion. And of him He made two sexes, male and female” (75:37-39).

    “He makes you in the wombs of your mothers in stages, one after another, in three veils of darkness” (39:6).

  7. Afreen irfana says:

    Yu ppl really do not hv any idea about what is given in quran .Yu voluntarily misinterpreted each n everything thats actually given.

  8. Justine Barungi says:

    This is for all of you people. Those who believe in one God should look for the truth intimidate the other because you are all looking for the truth. Instead of speaking through hunger and haterage. Just know the truth you will be peaceful.

  9. Shanzay says:

    All falsely translated words. The translation of each word must be very careful as it changes the entire meaning. Which is why its better to know Arabic and read the Quran to understand its real meaning. Also just by the way, the Sun does move in an orbit around the galaxy which was recently discovered so yes the Quran is the word of God beacuse Muhammad was an illiterate man who possibly could not have known all these scientific facts most of which were discovered after the advent of Islam. The Quran also states: “Let there be no compulsion in relegion”
    Just for all of you arguing about which relegion is better. Peace and love brothers.

  10. Pablo says:

    You need to read and see things holistically. Quran did not claim to be a book science. But rather it is a book of “ayaat” (signs).
    Quran is neither book of philosophy or literature or science or history or geography and teaching these subjects are not not the intended purpose of it however it has signs (in aforementioned disciplines and others too) for those who continually demand signs and proof. So depending on the era you live in, your age, your knowledge, and your intellectual capacity, you can find signs in the book that you can relate to. These sign are there to direct you a destination. Mind you that is what signs are, a pointer to something else. If you a see a saign that says Blackburn, you don’t stop at the sign and sy Here I Am. And if you don’t mind there is sign that says Zfiyunpanjx which this stage you don’t have the capacity to read either. It could be a sign for those before you or those after you. My point is you can’t learn Embryology from Quran but at your time if the knolwdge of Embryology is well established and well developed then you find even a miniscule detail in Quran that you can relate too, then that is phenomenal for a uneducated, illetrate Arab in deserts of Arabia speaking 1400 years ago with a language not developed to discuss science and then to hit the mark and make point by using say leech as a something similar (of course not identitical) that my friend is a sign a pointer to higher knolwdge. And if you read quran for other purposes that even itself doesn’t claim its purpose as such, or stop at the signs then my friend you clearly missed the point and are fooling yourself only.

  11. A Human says:

    Quran like all other religious texts is full of factual errors and those errors are not misinterpretations. For example Quran states that a woman’s testimony is only half as good as a man’s. The reason explained is because if one forgets the other one can correct her. So in essence it is saying that women have poorer memories or observation abilities compared to men. This has been completely refuted by science. In fact scientific studies show that women are more observant and have as good as or even better memories than men. This is also evident by girls outperforming boys in most academic exams/tests. I can give many examples here that show that Quran has serious errors including historic, logical, scientific etc. But religion is there to stay because the brainwashing done in early childhood is extremely hard to undo. The same people can see irrationality of other religions but cannot see errors in their own religious texts and concepts. More than 99% of people are born into a religion and never challenge it but instead try to justify it using irrational arguments. This whole thing makes one wonder if there is a limit to human stupidity.

    • Tech says:

      Girls outperforming boys better in academics because boys do not study all the time like girls.
      Never give an example like this..okay?

    • Tech says:

      It’s not about brainwashing. Every normal human being have ability to understand when he/she gets into the age of understanding.

      Backup ur claim that u have found out scientific errors in the Quran

  12. Tech says:

    The narration along with the chain of narrators goes as;

    Yazid bin Harun- Sufyan bin Husain- Al-Hakam bin ‘Utaybah- Ibrahim (b. Yazid al-Taymi)- Yazid al-Taymi- Abu Dharr said: I was sitting behind the Apostle of Allah who was riding a donkey while the sun was setting. He asked: Do you know where this sets? I replied: Allah and his Apostle know best. He said: It sets in a spring of warm water. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith 3991)

    Related narrations:

    In Musnad Ahmad these words are part of a longer narration reported through same chain of narrators;

    Abu Dharr narrated, “Once I was with the Prophet riding a donkey on which there was a saddle or a (piece of) velvet. That was at sunset. He said to me, ‘O Abu Dharr, do you know where this (sun) sets?’ I said, ‘Allah and His Messenger know better.’ He said, ‘It sets in a spring of murky water, (then) it goes and prostrates before its Lord, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, under the Throne. And when it is time to go out, Allah allows it to go out and thus it rises. But, when He wants to make it rise where it sets, He locks it up. The sun will then say, “O my Lord, I have a long distance to run.” Allah will say, “Rise where you have set.” That (will take place) when no (disbelieving) soul will get any good by believing then.’” (Musnad Ahmad, Hadith 21459 al-Risala ed.)

    This narration is quite similar to the narration found in many hadith works including Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim etc. except the words “It sets in a spring of warm water.”

    In Sahih Bukhari it goes as;

    Sufyan (al-Thawri)- Al-A’mash- Ibrahim (b. Yazid al-Taymi)- Yazid al-Taymi- Narrated Abu Dharr: The Prophet asked me at sunset, “Do you know where the sun goes (at the time of sunset)?” I replied, “Allah and His Messenger know better.” He said, “It goes (i.e. travels) till it prostrates Itself underneath the Throne and takes the permission to rise again, and it is permitted and then (a time will come when) it will be about to prostrate itself but its prostration will not be accepted, and it will ask permission to go on its course but it will not be permitted, but it will be ordered to return whence it has come and so it will rise in the west. And that is the interpretation of the Statement of Allah: “And the sun is quickly proceeding towards its destination. That is the designing of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing. ” (36.38) (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 54, Hadith 421)

    The significant difference is of the words “it sets in a spring of warm/murky water.”

    Analysis of the chains of narrators:

    From Abu Darr, it both ways i.e. with and without the words under consideration, it narrated by Yazid al-Taymi and from him by his son Ibrahim bin Yazid al-Taymi. From Ibrahim it is narrated by six different narrators;
    1- Al-A’mash: And from him at least five people narrate it. See Sahih Bukhari etc.

    2- Yunus bin ‘Ubaid: And from him at least three narrators report this narration. See Sahih Muslim etc.

    3- Musa bin al-Musayyab al-Thaqafi: From him it is narrated by Abdah bin Sulayman, See Al-‘Uzmah of Abu al-Shaykh al-Asbahani 4/1189
    4- Abdul A’la al-Taymi: The narrator down from him is Mis’ar, See Hilyah al-Awliya 5/89

    5- Harun bin Sa’d: Abdul Ghaffar bin al-Qasim narrates from him. See Al-‘Uzmah of Abu al-Shaykh al-Asbahani 4/1191 and Al-Tabarani’s Mu’jam Al-Awst, Hadith 4470

    6- Al-Hakam bin ‘Utaybah: The sole narrator down from him is Sufyan bin Husain, See Sunan Abu Dawud, Musnad Ahmad, Mustadrak al-Hakim, Musnad al-Bazzar etc.

    Of all these various routes from Ibrahim bin Yazid al-Taymi, it is only through Al-Hakam bin ‘Utaybah that these words “It sets in a spring of warm water” are narrated.

    In short, there are six narrators reporting the hadith from Ibrahim bin Yazid, and only one of them i.e. Al-Hakam bin ‘Utaybah quotes the particular words. And to add to the trouble there is again only one narrator down from him and he is Sufyan bin Husain whereas parallel to Sufyan there are at least eleven people narrating the hadith without these words on the authority of five different people narrating from Ibrahim bin Yazid.

    This fact alone is enough to make the narration dubious. No doubt both Al-Hakam and Sufyan are per se trustworthy narrators but because on their respective levels they go against much reliable and numerous narrators. Such a narration reported this way is termed as “shaadh” i.e. anomalous.

    Carefully read the definition of anomalous (shaadh) hadith given by Ibn al-Salah (d. 643 A.H.) in his magnus opus, “Kitab Ma’rifat ‘anwa’ ‘ilm al-Hadith” translated under the title “An Introduction to the Science of Hadith”;

    “… the anomalous hadith is the one which a reliable transmitter relates and which is in conflict with what other people relate.” (An Introduction to the Science of Hadith, Translated by Dr. Eerik Dickinson, Garnet Publishing Ltd. Berkshire 2006 p.57)

    Also see the definition of defective (mu’allal) hadith given by Ibn Salah;

    “A defective hadith is one in which a defect impugning its soundness is detected, although it outwardly appears to be free of the defect. That may apply to an isnad made up of reliable transmitters which outwardly seems to fulfill the conditions of soundness. Someone being alone in transmitting the hadith as well as others contradicting him aid in catching the defect.” (An Introduction to the Science of Hadith, p.67)

    And when a report or a part of it becomes “shaadh” it ceases to be a sahih (sound) report. For this the definition of a “Sahih hadith” will help.

    Hafiz Ibn Salah writes;

    “The sahih (sound) hadith is a “supported” hadith (al-hadith al-musnad), the isnad of which coheres continuously through the transmission of one upright and accurate person from another up to its point of termination. The sound hadith can be neither anomalous (shaadh) nor defective (mu’allal),” (An Introduction to the Science of Hadith, p.5)

    So merely being “sahih al-isnaad” is not enough for the report itself to be sahih.

    Therefore, the very fact that Al-Hakam bin ‘Utaybah’s narrates differently from five other narrators reporting it on the authority of Ibrahim bin Yazid al-Taymi, makes the narration “shaadh” (anomalous) which is a kind of weak (da’if) reports.

    But the trouble with the narration does not end here. Down from Al-Hakam bin ‘Utaybah, Sufyan bin Husain is also unique in narrating these words whereas the number of narrators down from narrators other than Al-Hakam narrating it from Ibrahim al-Taymi is at least eleven. There is not a single supporting narrator for Sufyan either.

    Hafiz Al-Bazzar (d. 292 A.H.) after giving this narration writes;

    “We do not know anyone other than Sufyan bin Husain reporting it through the chain: Al-Hakam bin ‘Utayba –Ibrahim- his father- Abu Dharr, while Yunus bin ‘Ubayd, Suleman Al-A’mash and Harun bin Sa’d have also narrated it from Ibrahim.” (Musnad Al-Bazzar- Bahr al-Zakhkhar, under Hadith 4010)

    And this is important, not only because it adds more to the oddity of the narration, but also because Sufyan bin Husain though generally considered authentic was also criticized by few scholars. This criticism does not harm his general narrations but becomes significant when he goes out of the way and narrates what other narrators from the same original source do not.

    Muhammad ibn Sa’d said about him: “He was reliable (but) he made many mistakes in his narrations.” (Tabaqat al-Kubra, Dar al-Kotob al-Ilmiyya, Beirut, 1990, vol.7 p.227 No. 3417)


    These details make it quite clear that according to rules of reporting it is not right to attribute these words to the Messenger of Allah- on him be the peace and blessings of Allah.

    Apparently, the words from Qur’an 18:86 were confused and appended to the hadith that had no link to the ayah whatsoever. The narrator failed to understand the real significance of the verse and the hadith and for apparent semblance he confused the two.

    The verse from the Holy Qur’an i.e. surah 18 ayah 86 is simply about how the sunset appeared to Zulqarnain and even the classical Muslim scholars understood it like that. The detailed explanation of it is found HERE.


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