Sin: The Forgotten Doctrine

Studies continually show that most Americans—including many Christians—have poor theology. There is a lot of confusion about the person of Christ, the nature of salvation, and the attributes of God.

And yet there is one particular doctrine that has pressing implications for so much of Christian theology, which in my experience, seems to have been forgotten in the church and the wider culture—the sinfulness of man. Do we really grasp how deeply human nature has been corrupted by sin? Failing to grasp the nuances and depth of human sinfulness has massive implications for one’s theology and for all of life.

Sin Doctrine

The consistent biblical teaching is that mankind is made in God’s image with inestimable worth, but has been deeply flawed by sin (Mark 7:21-23; John 2:24-25; Romans 3:9-20). How can I claim human sinfulness has been lost? Let me share two stories.

The Problem of Hell

Recently I was speaking at a youth group in southern California, not far from where I live. After the service, a college student, who described himself as a former Christian, wanted to discuss the “Problem of Hell.” We talked for nearly 45 minutes and he raised the standard objections against the justice of Hell: How could a loving God send someone to Hell? How can a finite sin warrant an eternal punishment? How can people enjoy Heaven knowing their loved ones are in Hell? I did my best to respond with both kindness and truth.

After our talk, it seemed that I had made almost no “dent” with his questions. He still thought God was a moral monster. And then it dawned on me: His problem was that he saw human being as basically good. If humans are basically good, and simply commit a few “sins” in their lifetime, as he believed, then Hell does seem like overkill. Moreover, Hell can only begin to make sense when we grasp the biblical view of mankind—that we are made in God’s image with infinite dignity, value, and worth, but our natures have been deeply corrupted because of sin. An unbiblical view of the nature of man was at the heart of his rejection of the faith.

Niceness vs. Goodness

Each year I take a group of high school students on an apologetics or worldview mission trip. The goal is to train our students how to lovingly defend their faith by having conversations and interactions with people who hold very different faiths. Inspired by my friend Brett Kunkle, we started taking teenagers on trips to Berkeley to interact with students at UC Berkeley and also with leading atheists and agnostics from the Bay area. Both students and parents loved the trips, and I never received any critical feedback about the nature of the trip.

But then we decided to take students to Salt Lake City to interact with Mormon students at BYU. While most students and parents were supportive, one girl who chose not to go on the trip made a statement that expressed the thinking of a number of people: “Why are we going to SLC to beat up on Mormons?” It was strange she talked about beating up anybody, because we are very relational and gracious in our approach on all our mission trips.

But it also puzzled me that she was particularly defensive about reaching out to members of the LDS Church. And then I put my finger on it—she had trouble reaching out to Mormons because they are such nice people.[1] And they are! I have many friends who are Mormons and they are remarkably nice and hard working.

But we must not confuse niceness with goodness. Jesus taught that no one is truly good. That’s right, no one (Luke 18:19). That includes you and me. And it includes people of every faith or no faith (Romans 3:23).

We can respond to our sinfulness in different ways. One way, like the prodigal son, is to indulge our passions and ignore restraint. Another way, like the older son in the same parable (Luke 15:11-32), is to try to earn our righteousness by doing good works and following the law. What is interesting about this parable is that both sons were separated from the father and failed to understand what he desired from them—the younger son who rebelled, and the older son who was dutiful.

The Offensiveness of Human Sinfulness

The doctrine of human sinfulness is offensive. No one likes being told that his or her own heart is fallen and in desperate need of transformation (myself included). We would much rather embrace the New Age idea that we are one with God. And yet the Christian story makes no sense without it. If humans were not “desperately wicked,” as the Bible teaches, then Hell would be total overkill. And there’s no need to reach out to people who are dutiful and nice.

But if human sinfulness is real, then the Christian story makes sense. We can at least begin to understand the reality of Hell and the need to reach all people with God’s grace. There are many doctrines we should be concerned about properly teaching the next generation. But in my experience, when people grasp their own sinfulness (and the converse, that God is holy), the rest begin to fall in place.

Sean McDowell, Ph.D. is a professor of Christian Apologetics at Biola University, a best-selling author of over 18 books, an internationally recognized speaker, and a part-time high school teacher. Follow him on Twitter: @sean_mcdowell and his blog:

[1] Which is doubly strange, since Mormons send out missionaries to knock on the doors of strangers to spread their version of the gospel. I don’t fault them for this. In fact, I respect their efforts.



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6 replies
  1. Ed Vaessen says:

    ” We can at least begin to understand the reality of Hell and the need to reach all people with God’s grace.”

    I wonder how mr. McDowell imagines this Hell. Does he cherish fantasies about demons poking with tridents in people that are being roasted above low fires to see if they are already edible? I wonder. You see, Christianity has for centuries been proclaiming that Hell must be a place where things like that happen all the time in the name of Eternal Justice. So we may not exclude the possibility that he too holds the insane viewpoints of a sadistic child, immature till his dying day.
    Shall we have a bet about it? I mean to say: who in this blessed congregation thinks that mr. McDowell has wet dreams about devils poking in sinful flesh?
    Hands up please!

    • Louie says:

      Whether he does or not, has no impact of the reality of hell or its characteristics. Christianity can only proclaim that of which is stated in scripture. I’ve read scripture many times, and am not recalling this trident poking passage. Sounds more like something out of Dante’s Inferno. Does scripture really state that somewhere? If so, please offer the book, chapter and verse. Thanks Ed.

  2. Steve says:

    When the possibility of an eternal hell is discussed someone tends to go beyond the discussion and bring in folklore or hollywood images. Mr McDowell has penned an article asking us to look at hell from the perspective of man’s sinfulness. Ed, you have ignored the main point of the article to bring in folklore that has no biblical basis. If God created hell for the devil and his fallen angels then no one there is going to be having a good time roasting anyone. The fallen angels are getting their justice just as fallen mankind will. To get to hell, the angels rejected God’s authority. To get to hell, mankind both rejected God’s authority and stepped over the Cross of Jesus Christ. In love for all men and women of all ages God sent His only begotten Son who paid the eternal price of every sin of every person who would ever believe on Him. In justice we deserve separation from our Creator. In love our Creator has provided a way where His Son took our justice so we could go free. For mankind, hell is 100% avoidable, paid for by the blood of the Lamb of God, the Lord Jesus Christ.

  3. Brent says:

    I don’t believe in an everlasting hell that burns sinners for time and eternity. God wants to restore the universe to the way things were before sin. He could not do that if He had a special section of it burning people endlessly. No, hell will burn sinners up and consume them so that they no longer will exist.


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