Jesus, The Bible, The Quran, and The Law of Non-Contradiction

By Derrick Stokes

In the Quran, the Gospel, or Injil, is considered to be from God and is incorruptible. The Bible says scripture is God-breathed. Yet, they contrast on what they say about Jesus. In comes the Law of Non-Contradiction. 

The Law of Non-Contradiction, or the law of the excluded middle, states that

(A) cannot be both (A) and (non-A) simultaneously.

It is logical to have different aspects of (A), but not contradictory aspects.
Example: John is a father. John is in New York. These are different aspects of the same person. However, logic demands that John cannot be in New York and not be in New York at the same time. This would be contradictory. This goes against logic.

Bible and Koran BLOG

According to the Bible, Jesus died a public death on the cross and rose three days later. All four Gospels testify to the crucifixion referenced below but for the sake of time we will look at John specifically:

Matthew 27:45-60
Mark 15:33-39
Luke 23:44-49

John 19:16-33
16. Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified. So the soldiers took charge of Jesus.
17. Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha).
18. There they crucified him, and with him two others—one on each side and Jesus in the middle.
19. Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. It read: Jesus of Nazareth, the king of the Jews.
20. Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek.
21. The chief priests of the Jews protested to Pilate, “Do not write ‘The King of the Jews,’ but that this man claimed to be king of the Jews.”
22. Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”
23. When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom.
24. “Let’s not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let’s decide by lot who will get it.” This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said, “They divided my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment.” So this is what the soldiers did.
25. Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.
26. When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to her, “Woman, here is your son,”
27. and to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” From that time on, this disciple took her into his home.
28. Later, knowing that everything had now been finished, and so that Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, “I am thirsty.”
29. A jar of wine vinegar was there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus’ lips.
30. When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.
31. Now it was the day of Preparation, and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jewish leaders did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down.
32. The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other.
33. But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.

As you can see, according to the Gospels, Jesus died. In addition to this the Bible is clear on the importance of Christ’s death, resurrection, and ascent into heaven:

1 Corinthians 15 & 1 Timothy 3:16-17

In Islam, the Quran mentions Jesus more than any other Prophet. It states He was born of a virgin (Surah 19), had disciples (5:111-115), ascended into heaven (4:158), and will return as a sign of the end times (43:61). However, unlike the Bible, the Quran states that Jesus did not die:

Quran 4:157-158
That they said (in boast), “We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah”;- but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not:-
Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise;

Now, we go back to the logic stated at the beginning. (A) cannot be both (A) and (non-A). Both can’t be true. Here, we have the Bible (particularly the Gospels) stating Jesus died and the Quran stating that He didn’t. Both cannot be true.

But wait, the Quran makes a couple other very important claims.
–God sent the Gospels

3:3
It is He Who sent down to thee (step by step), in truth, the Book, confirming what went before it; and He sent down the Law (of Moses) and the Gospel (of Jesus) before this, as a guide to mankind, and He sent down the criterion (of judgment between right and wrong)
5:46
And in their footsteps We sent Jesus the son of Mary, confirming the Law that had come before him: We sent him the Gospel: therein was guidance and light, and confirmation of the Law that had come before him: a guidance and an admonition to those who fear Allah,

— The word God sends cannot be changed (corrupted)

6:34
Rejected were the messengers before thee: with patience and constancy they bore their rejection and their wrongs, until Our aid did reach them: there is none that can alter the words (and decrees) of Allah. Already hast thou received some account of those messengers,

Yet, Muslims believe that the Gospels have been altered to show that Jesus died.

What can we say then? The last of the four Gospels, John, can be dated around 80 A.D. The Quran is dated 570 years later at around 650 A.D.

Jesus either did die or didn’t die. Both books can’t be right on this subject. However, looking at the Gospels and what the Quran teaches about the Gospels, the only logical conclusion on the matter is Jesus was crucified. Both texts affirm it when logic is applied!

So let us recount the sequence of events:

Logic: (A) cannot be both (A) and (non-A) simultaneously
The Gospels attest to Jesus dying on the cross
While Quran 4:157-158 says that Jesus did not die
But Quran 3:3 & 5:46 says God sent the Gospels
And Quran 6:34 states the word God sends cannot be changed (corrupted)
So we are left with two conclusions:

1. If the Quran is right about Jesus not being crucified, this would mean it is wrong about God’s word being incorruptible, so the Quran itself loses credibility since it states the Gospels and the Quran were both sent by God.

or

2. The Quran, which was written over half a millennium after the Gospels, is simply wrong about Jesus not dying because it changed the account of Christ’s death and resurrection.

If both texts logically affirm the Gospels; and the Gospels state Jesus died a public death, was buried, and raised on the third day, we have one more reason to believe in the authority of the Christian scriptures. We have more reason to place our faith in the atoning work of Jesus, the Son of God!

In his book, AT THE MASTER’S FEET, Sadhu Sundar Singh, Christian missionary, imagines a conversation between a disciple and Jesus in which Jesus says:

The cross is the key to heaven. At the moment when by My baptism I took the cross upon My shoulders for the sake of sinners, heaven was opened, and by means of My thirty-three years bearing of the cross and by death upon it, heaven, which by reason of sin was closed to believers, was forever opened to them.

By Derrick Stokes
Theologetics.org

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11 replies
  1. Brian Dean says:

    Jesus said of Lazarus and the synagogue rulers daughter..not dead, merely sleeping. The Bible and the Quran say the same thing. Jesus said no one took my life from me. I have it willingly.

    Reply
    • Derrick Stokes says:

      Some time before Jesus went to the cross, He said, “The reason my Father loves me is that I lay down my life—only to take it up again.
      No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again.” He didn’t say “No one took my life.” He is saying here that when the time comes for Him to die it will be because it is what He chose. He is sovereign over all, including His own death.

      We know it was death because in Mark and Matthew we read “He said to them, “The Son of Man is going to be betrayed into the hands of men. They will kill Him, and after three days he will rise.” But they did not understand what He meant and were afraid to ask Him about it.”- Mark 9:30-32

      Be blessed.

      Reply
  2. Samiha says:

    You’re misinterpreting what the quraan says about God’s word not being altered, it doesn’t say that no one can, but rather it’s saying that people can but it is wrong to do so, and that’s what happened, the bible was altered and so Allah had to send the Quraan as the final word. And “logically” the book that was revealed last, would be more correct, you only update something to make it better, more correct, not more false.

    Reply
    • Daniel says:

      Good points all around and a great article with sound logic.

      My question is are the gospels the same in both the Islamic book & the Christian book?

      Reply
    • Jo murch says:

      Actually, the q’ran was assembled from statements Mohammed claimed to have been give by an “angel” (or was it a dragon? He dkdn’t ssem to be certain) who claimed that “allah is the greatest deceiver”. I am not inclined to believe aany “revelations” from a source that makes that boast, under any circumstances. If thd thing making the boast, whether the speaker was appearing as dragon or “angel”, it was either lying, or speaking the truth. If it spoke truth, it did so only to corrupt truth, since that is the meaning of “deceiving”. If it lied, it can not be trusted to tell the truth ever.

      Reply
  3. Clayton says:

    How does Jesus not violate the law of noncontradiction himself? How can Jesus be 100% God and 100% not God simultaneously?
    Thank you.

    Reply
    • Donald Langlois says:

      Because God is Spirit and not flesh. Just as you were created spirit, but because of rebellion, also created flesh. The spirit receives the salvation of God through the flesh. As it is given by the Spirit through the flesh which is the son of man.
      There is meaning to the saying that one is older that dirt.

      Reply
    • Tom tom says:

      The answer is quite simple there are two letters that are written in the Bible read the letter of James and the letter of Jude. I’ll save you the time Jesus has two natures one is his divine nature the other is his human nature. It also mentions the Antichrist.

      Reply
    • Derrick Stokes says:

      The dual nature of Jesus may sound confusing, but God is not the author of confusion. John 1 calls Jesus the light. Scientists have discovered that light also has a dual nature. The scientific community was once divided on whether light was wave or whether it was particle. However they’ve discovered that it is both wave and particle, something scientists used to consider an impossibility.

      Reply
  4. Todd says:

    The Bible has a beginning (Genesis 1) and an end (Revelation 22 – Written in 68 AD). Many places in the Bible say not to add to the Word of God:
    Deuteronomy 4:2 “You shall not add to the word which I command you, nor take anything from it”
    Deuteronomy 12:32 “Everything that I command you, you shall be careful to do. You shall not add to it or take from it.”
    Proverbs 30:5-6 “Every word of God proves true; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him. 6 Do not add to his words,
    lest he rebuke you and you be found a liar.”
    (Paul Warned Us: ) 1 Corinthians 4:6 “I have applied all these things to myself and Apollos for your benefit, brothers, that you may learn by us not to go beyond what is written, that none of you may be puffed up in favor of one against another.”
    Revelation 22:18-19 “I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, 19 and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book.”

    The final verses make it clear that nothing is to follow chapter 22 in Revelation as that book seals up the time of the millennial reign and beyond (Forever). Anything else written after Revelation 22 in 68 AD that claims to be from God is cursed to the plagues described in Revelation. This includes the Quran, written after 600 AD as well as The Book of Mormon and others. The Bible Verses above appear in the original Hebrew & Greek, before those other ‘Gospels’ or ‘Holy Books’ were written, so no misinterpretation is taking place here and the statements in the Bible mean what they say against those other ‘Books’. Since the Word of God cannot contradict itself, you would have to find verses in the Bible that say that God will allow or continue His Word past Revelation. Since Revelation says the contrary, the only reasonable conclusion is that all other doctrine that claims to be from God after Revelation is false doctrine….unless you can prove the Bible to be false. Nobody has successfully proven the Bible false yet.

    I believe God did it this way because He simply knew the manipulation of His Word would come and the broken human population would stray, no matter how simple He made it. Simply look at what the Jews have done to the original 10 commandments as an example. If you stray from the Bible and lean on your own understanding (Thinking there has to be more out there), you will suffer the plagues of Revelation. God’s Words, not mine. Good thing is, there is still time to wake up and God loves you so much, He’ll forgive you for the past errors. God’s Word is Holy and stands alone. God Bless!

    Reply

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